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The Fiber Year 2020 – Structural changes in staple fibers

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The fate of plastics and bio-based fibers

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COVID, trade disputes & the global cotton market

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Denim has been successfully targeted as a special application for Lenzing fibers.

In June 2019, Lenzing announced plans to establish what will be the largest lyocell cellulosic fiber plant in the world, with an annual capacity of 100,000 tons. To be located in Bangkok, Thailand, it will become operational sometime in 2022. In addition, the Austrian company has established offices in Sao Paulo, Brazil, with a view …

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Twin screw extruder used in the FIBFAB project. Photos: AIMPLAS

Most fabrics currently available on the market are made of natural fibers, such as cotton and wool, and polyester (PES) blends. With the aim of finding a more sustainable material to produce clothing, polylactic acid (PLA) has been used to replace PES. PLA is biodegradable, compostable and obtained from renewable resources. It is also suitable for obtaining melt-processable fibers. PLA’s …

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Scientific showing a piece of graphene with hexagonal molecule.

Graphene is a wonder that I believe represents the next phase of nanoevolution. It is, in fact, my new favorite material. Graphene is one single atomic layer of carbon. Graphite is many layers of graphene stacked. Separating the layers in graphite by various processes (termed exfoliation) is the way most commercially available graphene is made. …

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Chart showing ICE cotton futures

As has been the case in many financial markets, the global cotton supply chain has been distorted by the U.S.-China trade dispute. At the fiber level, the dispute has interfered with flows between the world’s largest exporter and the world’s largest importer. Since July 2018, U.S. cotton fiber exports to China have been hit with …

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Line of filament yarn equipment

Filament growth rates have been faster for most of the almost four decades shown in the next chart than the world fiber market movement. Their long-term growth rate amounts to 5.6%, although the expansion in the most recent three years was at slowest pace in modern textile industry. The deceleration was related to economic uncertainty, …

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